- How Family Background Influences Student Achievement - Education Next : Education Next
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- The Benefits of Learning
The third is identity capital which comprises individual features such as self-confidence and internal control to support personal development Schuller et al. Education also helps individuals make well-reflected decisions on behaviours related to their health and happiness.
Research in Canada reported that the longer participation in lifelong learning, the happier the elderly people are. They also revealed that the elderly learners with longer participation in lifelong learning have positive psychological satisfaction and a physically and socially healthy life.
This study further implies that the results of lifelong learning are somehow related to the happiness of learners rather than to economic purposes cited from Ko and Lee, Michalos clarifies the argument of the relationship between lifelong learning and happiness. Michalos asserted that formal education has no influence on happiness, however, when the concept of non-formal, and informal education is considered, education influences happiness.
The model of functional happiness produced a functional happiness equation:. Inspiration is a positive feeling of joy or elation. Self-generated inspiration quite literally means inspiration that we generate ourselves. There are three areas of focus within self-generated inspiration:. Suffering is a pain or distress that acts as a strong inhibitor to our happiness. The reduction of suffering focuses on perceptive awareness, acceptance of truths and elimination of roadblocks. The equation states that happiness is directly proportionate to the level of inspiration and suffering in our lives.
If we increase our inspiration, which assists in fostering happiness, and decrease our suffering, which impedes happiness, we will inevitably be happier. According to them, people can enhance self-generated inspiration by improving physical fitness, career-oriented pursuits, acquiring a new skill, creating a work of art, increasing knowledge of a subject matter, experiencing new cultures, helping others, competing in the Olympics, starting a business and living an inspired life.
On the other hand, people can decrease the suffering by recognising the existence of stress, being grateful for your health, accepting responsibility for the consequences of your actions, coming to terms with the death of a loved one, conquering a fear and finding a new method for completing a previously impossible task Walking into the light , Through this equation we are able to enhance the happiness of people if we have lifelong learning programmes with learning objectives to increase inspiration and decrease suffering.
According to the study, a happy person is likely to have low levels of fear, hostility, tension, anxiety, guilt and anger; high degrees of energy, vitality and activity; a high level of self-esteem and an emotionally stable personality; a strong social orientation; healthy, satisfying, warm love and social relationships; an active lifestyle with meaningful work; and to be relatively optimistic, worry-free, present-oriented and well-directed.http://vpn567706038.softether.net/emmas-dream-morgans-run-romances-book-1.php
How Family Background Influences Student Achievement - Education Next : Education Next
The happiness index of lifelong learning consists of 20 items including increasing self-esteem 7 items , satisfaction with personal development 5 items , reduction of negative emotions 4 items and pursuing a meaningful and better life 4 items as shown in Table 1. The equation for the index is as follow:. The data were collected from 7, responses in 27 cities and counties in Gyeong Gi Do province in ANOVA 2 was utilised for the analysis of the data.
Table 2 shows the analysis results HILL scores by the lifelong learning experiences of the participants. The group with less than 1 year of participation experience in lifelong learning showed the lowest HILL score and it was statistically different from the other groups. This implies, statistically, that people with more years of experience in lifelong learning programmes are happier than people with shorter experiences.
I believe that education has colossal influence on happiness Michalos, Increasing happiness for people is not simple or easy. One of the most important responsibilities of mayors, governors, and authorities is to enhance the happiness of their people. To this end they use various policies and resources. Unfortunately, authorities are more accustomed to paving roads, providing more public transportation, and soon. These efforts may enhance the convenience of city life but may not increase happiness. If we compare the budgets for economic policies and lifelong learning programmes in one city, it is clear most ofthe money is allocated to economic policies.
If we were to spend the same amount of money for economic development and for a lifelong learning programme, I can clearly say that lifelong learning will tremendously increase the happiness of people. However, policy-makers usually invest huge amounts of money for economic development assuming that the efforts will make people happy. This is why we need a kind of measurement that can prove the value of learning in a way that policymakers prefer to accept. I think the happiness index is a very strong form. If it helps prove us right, there will be huge support from stakeholders.
HILL can also be utilised to identify effective lifelong learning programmes, those which contribute more to enhancing the happiness of participants. In the end the practitioners will also be able to modify their lifelong learning programmes to raise the happiness level of the participants. Analysis of variance ANOVA is a collection of statistical models used to analyse the differences among group means and their associated procedures. Field, J. Ko, E. Kil, M. Lee, Y. Michalos, A. Sabates, R. Schuller, T.
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Click on an option below to access. Log out of ReadCube. This article reviews research and offers program examples for developing social capital in youth with a range of vulnerabilities: emotional, physical, social, and developmental. Protective factors provided by developing social capital at the individual level include access to support networks, transition to employment, and community connectedness.
The authors feature approaches from the cooperative extension system, which links university and community resources, and identify exemplary programs that support social capital development by intervening with families, schools, neighborhoods, and communities. Volume , Issue The full text of this article hosted at iucr.
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The Benefits of Learning
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